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    countable and uncountable nouns

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    تاريخ التسجيل : 25/12/2009
    الموقع : فارسكور - دمياط - مصر ( مدرسة فارسكور الاعدادية للبنين )

    countable and uncountable nouns

    مُساهمة  مصطفى منصور في الإثنين يناير 04, 2010 5:53 pm



    السـلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته .



    درس : المعدود و الامعدود , من قواعد اللغة الإنجليزية



    {Quantifiers}
    There are countable and uncountable nouns in English




    :Countable nouns
    Most of the nouns are countable. You can combine them with numbers, e.g one, two or three. Here is an example
    one pencil
    two pencils
    three pencils
    etc



    :Uncountable nouns
    These nouns can't be combined with numbers. Here is an example
    water
    If you want to express a quantity, you have to use a special phrase e.g.
    a glass of water



    :NOTE
    Some nouns can be either countable or uncountable. Here is an example, too. hair - hairs



    You've got some hairs on your T-shirt.
    (There might be 5 or 6 of them.)
    Your hair looks lovely.
    (Here you think of the hairstyle.)







    much or many
    much: uncountable nouns
    (milk, marmalade, money, time etc.)



    many: countable nouns
    (bottles of milk, jars of marmalade, dollars, minutes etc.)



    :Examples
    ؟How much money have you got
    ؟How many dollars have you got







    a little or a few
    a little: non countable nouns
    (milk, marmalade, money, time etc.)



    a few: countable nouns
    (bottles of milk, jars of marmalade, dollars, minutes etc.)



    :Examples
    He has a little money left.
    He has a few dollars left.



    "I've got a few friends"
    (= maybe not many, but enough)
    "I've got a little money"
    (= I've got enough to live on)







    some, any
    some: affirmative statements, offers, requests and in questions when you expect the answer "yes"



    any: negative statements, questions
    Have you got any bananas? No, we haven't got any. But we've got some oranges.







    Something, Anything, Someone, Anyone etc.



    Compound nouns with some- and any- are used in the same way as some and any.




    Some + -thing -body -one -where
    Any +
    No +



    Someone is sleeping in my bed.
    He saw something in the garden.
    I left my glasses somewhere in the house.







    SOMETHING, SOMEBODY, SOMEWHERE



    a. I have something to tell you.
    b. There is something to drink in the fridge.
    c. He knows somebody in New York
    d. Susie has somebody staying with her.
    e. They want to go somewhere hot for their holidays.
    f. Keith is looking for somewhere to live.







    ANYBODY, ANYTHING, ANYWHERE



    a. Is there anybody who speaks English here?
    b. Does anybody have the time?
    c. Is there anything to eat?
    d. Have you anything to say?
    e. He doesn't have anything to stay tonight.
    f. I wouldn't eat anything except at Maxim's.







    NOBODY, NOTHING, NOWHERE



    a. There is nobody in the house at the moment
    b. When I arrived there was nobody to meet me.
    c. I have learnt nothing since I began the course.
    d. There is nothing to eat.
    e. There is nowhere as beautiful as Paris in the Spring.
    f. Homeless people have nowhere to go at night.



    :With plural countable nouns
    many more most



    :With uncountable nouns
    much more most



    DECREASE From 100% to 0%
    :With plural countable nouns
    few fewer fewest



    :With uncountable nouns
    little less least



    :Examples
    There are many people in England, more in India, but the most people live in China.



    Much time and money is spent on education, more on health services but the most is spent on national defence.



    Few rivers in Europe are not polluted.



    Fewer people die young now than in the seventeenth century.



    The country with the fewest people per square kilometre must be Australia.



    Scientists have little hope of finding a complete cure for cancer before the year 2,000.



    She had less time to study than Paul but had better results.



    Give that dog the least opportunity and it will bite you.







    Enough
    Enough is placed before the noun, to indicate the quantity required or necessary
    “There is enough bread for lunch.”
    “She has enough money.”



    Enough is also used with adjectives and adverbs



    We didn't have enough time to visit London Bridge.
    ?Are there enough eggs to make an omelette
    “We didn't have enough time to visit London Bridge.”
    “Is there enough milk for breakfast?”


    We'll be glad to answer any of your questions



    good luck

      الوقت/التاريخ الآن هو الأحد ديسمبر 04, 2016 3:18 pm